Keep in there. Your puppy is learning. He just needs a bit more time to get it.
Harry was very confused w my commands and could never get to him on time. I just persevered with the outdoor walks and he eventually got it. Lots of regular pee walks. No action then back home we go. Action then longer walk. no action then we are back out an hour or so later. Eaten lets go out again. It's tiring but it pays off.
As he got a bit older the pee pad was a problem as he is an outdoor dog. He ended up shredding so he now has a pee tray for indoors that he knows how to use. Have you considered getting one of those? He probably associated the pad as bedding and like the earlier poster said he won't pee and poop in his den. If you plan to train him as an indoor dog make sure there is a clear separation of den space and pee/poo space. I found the you tube videos helping guide me as to the space separation. Sadly I saw the clips too late so am making sure the pee tray is 100%! Engrained in him before I give him more space.
Also, I want to echo Cavon - hang in there! A puppy is like a ninja - it gets you when you least expect it. You bring it to the right spot and get nothing, but as soon as you turn your back there's a puddle on the floor. Just keep at it, and you'll see. Once the pup does it right a few times, it's going to be a lot easier.
Not peeing or pooing in the crate is what you want. Don't put training pads in there. You want him to learn to hold it when he is in crate. Make sure he doesn't have room to go in the crate and lay down elsewhere. Limit his access to water if you need to leave him for any significant length of time. I wish I could say what I think significant time is, but I have never had a toy dog. My dogs are big and my spoo has always been like a camel or a very guilty catholic since she holds it all for a long time and generally I have to tell her to go.
What do you want as an end result? Do you want to use pads throughout his life or do you want him to go outside? If the former, keep working on getting him to go on the pads. If the latter, forget the pads and make sure you take him outside as soon as he wakes up, right after he finishes eating and after some play time but before you see him getting ready to go. When you go out say potty cue words as soon as you put him down and repeat them until he is going through to when he finishes. Then make happy happy joy joy and give a treat. This will show him that going outside is great!
This will all come together. He is a baby and you are a newbie. You will learn this together. My mom is in a similar situation to you. She lives in a garden apartment condo complex and has no yard. She is doing the house training with no pads in the apartment, but is also separately training her mpoo boy to use pads in the garage for days when the weather is too terrible to want to go out at the crack of dawn. Her garage is attached off her kitchen, so this is a good backup scenario for them. If you have a similar layout maybe this would also help you.
As a last suggestion, go to dogstardaily.com and download (for free) Ian Dunbar's book What to do after you get your puppy. He has a very good method for house breaking, along with lots of other really positive well thought out advice.
Lily AKC: CGC CD HIT CDX, RN RA RE RAE RAE2 RAE3 RAE4 RAE5 RAE6 RAE7 Multiple Rally High Combined, NA NAJ; APDT: RL-1; CPE: CL1-R, CL1-H, CL1-F, CL1-S, CL1
Peeves AKC: CGC BN RN RA
Javelin AKC: RN (landed on Long Island July 10, 2015!)
My advice will be to keep the pee pee pad available for him outside the playpen also. Also, keep a hawk-eye on his every movements, this is a-must so you can learn his go signal. My puppy has a go signal. When he wants to pee, he will smell everything around him before he squats in which time you should said no and pick him up immediately unto a nearby pee pee pad. Continue to do this until he gets it. He won't get it immediately so be patient and be consistent.
Restricted his movement to the place that you will be able to supervise him continuously. Put more pee pee pad than necessary inside and outside the playpen until he gets it in which time you can reduce the amount of pee pee pad in the places that you want.
For example, Charlie (my toypoomixterrier) now is 10 months old. When he was 8 weeks old, he literally didn't leave his playpen unless we're home and playing with him. We kept 2 wee wee pads inside his playpen which attached to his crate. If we play with him, we'll restricted the playing area around the living room and we have four or six wee wee pad, two on each side of the sofa, one in the kitchen, one near the door and two near the outside of his playpen. At night, we moved his crate into our room and place four wee wee pads surrounding his crate. He often pees around 2 am then he'll pee again at 6 am. At 6 months old, he finally gets it so we reduce the amount the wee wee pad to only two wee wee pads. One near the front door and one inside the bedroom. Also, we use a tray to help him not miss the wee wee pad.
Be consistent with your poodle to help him succeed in this stage. There's a lot more for him and you to learn. Also, please purchase a Zero to eliminate the odor when he accidentally pees on the floor. This is very effective in removing your puppy's pee scent so he won't repeat his accident there anymore.
I would suggest wee wee pad brand and don't buy the cheap petco brand cause they don't attract the puppy enough instead giving mixing signal. I get mine from Amazon, they are having good deals sometimes and will email you the good deal when you sign up with them.
Best of luck and let us know if anything else is bothering you.